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ABS showcasing environment statistics on World Environment Day
The ABS showcased a range of its environment statistics on United Nations’ World Environment Day this week, celebrating "connecting people to nature."
“The ABS collects data on numerous aspects about our beloved sunburnt country, its environment and people’s impact on Australia’s land, water and natural resources,” said Peter Comisari, Assistant Director of Environment and Agriculture Accounts Development.
“These include measurements such as population statistics, land use and agriculture, water and energy consumption, tourism and recreation. They reflect a nation with diverse and often contrasting environments.”
Agriculture takes up a large proportion of these plains (34 per cent) and urban environments are growing and absorbing nearby environments.
Between 1750 and 2012, 13 per cent of Australia’s vegetation has been cleared including 34 per cent of rainforest, 30 per cent of mallee, 60 per cent of coastal wetlands in southern Australia, 31 per cent of Eucalyptus open forest, 99 per cent of temperate lowland grasslands and 34 per cent of Eucalyptus woodlands. Reference: 1301.0 Year Book Australia, 2012.
Most of Australia’s national parks are either in mountainous regions or large arid regions.
Victoria has 16 per cent of land cover dedicated to national parks and 1 million hectares are in or near mountainous regions. Queensland has 4 per cent of land cover allocated to national parks covering nearly 3 million hectares in mountainous regions. South Australia in contrast has 20 per cent of land cover of which 18 million hectares are allocated to national parks in arid regions. Reference: 4609.4.55.001 - Land Account: South Australia, Experimental Estimates, 2006 - 2011
Droughts and floods
Water consumption rises and falls with the amount of rainfall. During the recent drought between 2008-09 and 2010-11 water consumption per household decreased by 10 per cent then increased by 5 per cent from 2011-12 to 2012-13 after the drought broke. Reference: 4610.0 - Water Account, Australia, 2014-15